THE ART OF STORYTELLING

by 高莫娜 Mona
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What is Storytelling?

  1. a) It’s a strategy to expose young children mainly to listening & speaking the language. 
  2. b) Telling a story with good use of aids and techniques to help young learners understand the stories.
  3. c) Telling a story based on real books, authentic texts or their own ideas.

Storytelling helps us in comprehension, building vocabulary, improvising memory, sequencing, pattern recognition, creative writing and beyond. Scientifically, the stories activate the auditory cortex of your brain which is why we feel emotionally connected to a story. Storytelling is an art form that exposes us to the human experience.

Why Use the Storytelling to Expose Children to the Language?

Storytelling:

  • Enables children to develop skills in listening for meaning
  • Provides children with opportunities to speak in meaningful context
  • Exposes children to oral language used in their everyday life
  • Helps children retain the language learned in the story 
  • Promotes teacher-child interaction

What Different Types of Stories you can tell?

  • Legends
  • Fairytales
  • Fables
  • Personal Stories
  • Traditional stories
  • Long tales
  • Religious stories

Exposure To Languages At The Pre-Primary Level

Exposure to languages at the pre-primary level should be:

  • developmentally appropriate
  • Authentic
  • In context
  • Pressure-free
  • Enjoyable

Tell The Stories With:

  • Story cards
  • Play cards
  • Simple props
  • Real objects / body parts
  • Picture book / drawing
  • Puppets

Always Colour The Words

It means that when you use certain verbs or adjectives, you embellish or exaggerate it through body actions so as to give it the appearance of truth, credibility, or plausibility. For example, if you are saying the word “cold” pretend to shiver or show frown on your face when saying “angry”. Few examples are as follows: 

  cold       ->    warm angry

  pain     ->      falling swim

  beautiful  ->    high smelly  

  heavy    ->    happy loud

Storytelling holds a distinct position among young learners of a language. Apart from the vocabulary, each story holds certain moral values and a hidden curriculum to instruct the audience. They teach us about past histories, traditions, human behaviours, love, forgiveness, to be fair and to strive for better than we have.

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