ADHD abbreviates for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is a medical condition and the person suffering with ADHD has differences in brain development and brain activity. These differences affect attention span, sitting still, and self-control. ADHD can affect a child at school, at home, and in relationships and friendships.
The teachers and parents can observe their children and if you are concerned any particular child has ADHD, it is best advised to get him assessed by a doctor or therapist. ADHD affected children doesn’t act in a special way because of ill-discipline or stubbornness. They act it out because of their poor medical condition. Keeping a timetable, some daily schedule and setting expected goals for them can aid the ADHD kids. There is no absolute reason for causing ADHD but genetics is surely involved.
Usually the ADHD kids are hyper and restless but not all. There are three types of ADHD:
Predominantly inattentive: These children cannot focus and get easily distracted. They cannot follow multiple instructions or directions.
Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive: As the name suggests, these kids are impulsive, talkative, cannot control body movement hence prone to accidents and unwilling to wait for the turn.
Combined: This is the most common type. These children have traits of both above stated types. ADHD is more common among boys than girls. (13.2% boys compared to 5.6% girls)
Girls are usually diagnosed with “Predominantly inattentive” type of ADHD and is often overlooked because their inattention is normally linked to daydreaming. Girls are also less disruptive and less restless which makes them clear in front of the teachers.
One particular thing has to be kept in mind. At times some children are misdiagnosed and send for assessment. ADHD children act like typical kids around and lack of concentration, unable to follow the direction and fidgeting are not always the symptoms of ADHD.
But still if you find any ADHD related symptoms in your child, get her assessed through a professional. As of 2011, 11% children of 4 to 17 years old were reportedly diagnosed with ADHD
According to American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines, children as young as 4 can be diagnosed for certain disorders. Previously the youngest age was 6. Getting diagnosed early is very beneficial for kids as they can start therapies and can upgrade their performance level. Mostly ADHD kids suffer from other illnesses as well, such as:
- Learning disability
- Delays in learning and language development
- Conduct disorder
- Oppositional defiant disorder
Multiple conditions at the same time make the diagnosis difficult.