SIGNS OF DYSGRAPHIA

by 高莫娜 Mona
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To listen, speak, read and write the words and sentences clearly and correctly is a prime concern and focal point of a child’s elementary school years. Every child takes time to learn these skills perfectly and master the penmanship or reading skills. But if your child is unable to write properly, her handwriting is uncertain, distorted or consistently unclear, that may be caused by a learning disability called “dysgraphia”.

Dysgraphia is inability to write coherently, as a symptom of brain disease or damage. (Oxford)

The fine motor skills which are needed to write are affected by the nervous system. In return, as evident, writing, doing handwritten tasks and simple assignments get hard for children.

Doctors, educators and psychiatrists call this condition “an impairment in written expression.”

Causes

Scientists and researchers are still not sure why dysgraphia happens in children. Brain injury is occasionally thought as a reason among adults. The kids suffering from “Dysgraphia” usually suffer from other learning disabilities as well such as ADHD and dyslexia.

Symptoms

Kids with dysgraphia grapple with writing skills. They write slowly and need continuous assistance in copying from the board and have irregular, or ambiguous handwriting. They write with a mix of upper- and lower-case letters, and font is never consistent.

Teachers may instantly pick up the symptoms among her children when they first begin to write in school. There are other signs of dysgraphia as listed below:

  • Improper word spacing, cannot keep a consistent finger distance
  • Difficulty in maintaining a posture for writing 
  • High frequency of errors and rectification
  • Poor space management on paper, margins, etc. 
  • Difficulty in pencil holding
  • Continuous errors in spelling, unmatched copying work, missing words or letters

This learning disability hinders a child’s analytical ability as well. It is impossible for them to think and write at the same time. They scuffle with creative writing tasks and cannot complete them without assistance.

Diagnosis

Parents and the teachers are the first one to be noticing any unusual learning behavior of their kids. Teachers should inform to the child’s parent in case they find any sign of dysgraphia in a particular child. The parent must see any child’s pediatrician to rule out any other diseases or conditions that could cause writing difficulties.

A licensed psychologist trained in learning disorders can diagnose dysgraphia. The schools also have their own school psychologist on rotation. Discuss the issue with the school authorities and get your child assessed. The trained specialist will give the student academic and writing tests to evaluate his fine motor skills and measure his ability to put thoughts into words. 

Dysgraphia is a lifelong condition but that doesn’t mean that people with dysgraphia can’t succeed at writing and other language-based activities. With some extra help and continuous effort, these children can overcome their difficulties and can win over small to big challenges.

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