Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) says that children should be “protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development.” Article 34 says children should be protected from sexual exploitation, including prostitution.
Author, Riho Sakurai, published an article on 1st January 2006 which stated that almost all out-of-school children are in developing countries, especially in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa where child labour is a serious problem, most of whom work out of poverty.
Most of the low income to destitute parents let their children enter the work force at a very young age. Yet when they leave school and take up low level occupations, it can never assist them to break out of their poverty. Recent studies have shown that child labour depresses school enrollment rates, negatively affects school achievement, and decreases graduation rates. According to International Labor Organization 168 million children aged 5-17 are trapped in child labor, which is alarming and heart wrenching.
Education is the fundamental right of every child, depriving them from gaining knowledge will result in increased illiteracy. To eradicate the child labor, we all need to act as one and have to own these kids. Act as a global citizen and if you see any child who is out-of-school due to any reason, assist her parents in getting the child to school. It is indeed a pleasure to know that there are various organizations who are working tirelessly to resolve the issue.
IPEC is struggling hard to eliminate child labour , SCREAM is a project of IPEC, a department of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), their purpose is to promote social justice and get human and labour rights internationally recognised. According to the ILO, Educating children, rather than forcing them to work, could yield enormous economic benefits for developing nations.
Every child matters as every child is our future. Frederick Douglass quoted golden words that:
“It is easier to build strong children than to repair broken men.”